A person who has haemophilia tends to bleed continuously and excessively. When the blood clots after an injury, it is the platelets that reach the injured spot and cover the hole. Platelets are ‘sticky cells’. There are 2 types of haemophilia – A and B. These types depend on which clotting factor the body is low on. When the platelets cover the hole, chemicals are released to attract more platelets and proteins in blood. These proteins mix with the platelets and form fibres to make a strong clot and stop the bleeding.
Fibrinogen the substance that make these fibres are created by our bodies having clotting factors that work together. The problem arises when the body is missing one of these factors.
Why do kids get haemophilia, especially boys?
Haemophilia is X-linked genetic disorder, passed from mother to son. Boys get X-chromosome from their mother and Y-chromosome from their father. So if the mother is carrying the gene for haemophilia, high chances are that it’s passed on to the son.
How is it diagnosed?
Once haemophilia is detected, it is diagnosed with blood tests to determine if clotting factors are missing or at low levels. If it runs in the family then the Doctor should know which is the clotting factor missing in the relatives.
Timely and proper care of the person suffering from haemophilia will lead him to live a normal and healthy life.