It all started during the period of World War I. That’s when human blood was needed for the transfusion of the wounded soldiers. Studies and research began about how to preserve and transport blood from one person to another.
However, not until the World War II, effective preservative solutions were developed. Since then, many advances took place including the discovery of Rh positive and Rh negative classifications. There were so many permutations and combinations before the invention of blood types came in to existence.
In India, it dates back to 1942 during the Word War II, when India’s first blood bank was established in erstwhile Calcutta(Kolkata), West Bengal at the All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health This was managed by Red Cross
During that time the blood donors were mostly government employees and from the Anglo-Indian community. But sadly post World War, the number of voluntary donors declined and soon the donors had to be paid for blood.
In 1954, Leela Moolgaonkar, a social reformer initiated voluntary blood donation camps in Mumbai. After that many blood banks got opened at different cities across the country. Hence, took the birth of a new era of voluntary blood donation – a noble cause which helps save lives of millions of people across the globe today.